Development and external validation study combining existing models and recent data into an up-to-date prediction model for evaluating kidneys from older deceased donors for transplantation

Chava L. Ramspek*, Mostafa El Moumni, Eelaha Wali, Martin B. A. Heemskerk, Robert A. Pol, Meindert J. Crop, Nichon E. Jansen, Andries Hoitsma, Friedo W. Dekker, M. van Diepen, Cyril Moers

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

With a rising demand for kidney transplantation, reliable pre-transplant assessment of organ quality becomes top priority. In clinical practice, physicians are regularly in doubt whether suboptimal kidney offers from older donors should be accepted. Here, we externally validate existing prediction models in a European population of older deceased donors, and subsequently developed and externally validated an adverse outcome prediction tool. Recipients of kidney grafts from deceased donors 50 years of age and older were included from the Netherlands Organ Transplant Registry (NOTR) and United States organ transplant registry from 2006-2018. The predicted adverse outcome was a composite of graft failure, death or chronic kidney disease stage 4 plus within one year after transplantation, modelled using logistic regression. Discrimination and calibration were assessed in internal, temporal and external validation. Seven existing models were validated with the same cohorts. The NOTR development cohort contained 2510 patients and 823 events. The temporal validation within NOTR had 837 patients and the external validation used 31987 patients in the United States organ transplant registry. Discrimination of our full adverse outcome model was moderate in external validation (C-statistic 0.63), though somewhat better than discrimination of the seven existing prediction models (average C-statistic 0.57). The model's calibration was highly accurate. Thus, since existing adverse outcome kidney graft survival models performed poorly in a population of older deceased donors, novel models were developed and externally validated, with maximum achievable performance in a population of older deceased kidney donors. These models could assist transplant clinicians in deciding whether to accept a kidney from an older donor.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1459-1469
Number of pages11
JournalKidney International
Volume99
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun-2021

Keywords

  • adverse outcome
  • graft failure
  • kidney allocation
  • kidney transplantation
  • mortality
  • prediction model
  • DELAYED GRAFT FUNCTION
  • INDIVIDUAL PROGNOSIS
  • MULTIPLE IMPUTATION
  • DIAGNOSIS TRIPOD
  • SCORING SYSTEM
  • RISK INDEX
  • RECIPIENTS
  • OUTCOMES
  • QUALITY
  • SURVIVAL

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