Development and first results of a dedicated chronic total occlusion programme

H. W. van der Werf, P. J. Vlaar, P. van der Harst, E. Lipsic*

*Corresponding author for this work

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Objective To describe the development and first results of a dedicated chronic total occlusion (CTO) programme in a tertiary medical centre. Background Because of the complexity and the increased risk of complications during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for CTO, it is essential that less experienced and evolving CTO centres perform regular quality analyses. Methods We therefore performed analyses to describe the results during the first 3 years of a dedicated CTO programme at a high-volume PCI centre. In addition, we discuss the strategies employed to develop such a programme. Results A total of 179 consecutive patients undergoing 187 CTO procedures were included in the study. The complexity of the CTO lesions increased from a mean J-CTO (Japanese Multicentre CTO Registry) score of 1.3 in 2015 to 2.1 in 2017. In the majority of cases, the antegrade wire escalation technique was performed. Final technical success rate was 78.5% in 175 patients with a single CTO and 80.2% of all 187 CTO procedures. No peri-procedural or in-hospital deaths occurred. One peri-procedural myocardial infarction occurred. Cardiac tamponade occurred in 2 cases, both managed by pericardiocentesis. No urgent cardiac surgery was necessary. Survival and revascularisation rates at 30 days and 1 year were excellent. Conclusion Following initiation of a dedicated CTO programme, using up-to-date techniques and strategies, procedural and clinical outcome were comparable with current standards in established centres.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14-21
Number of pages8
JournalNetherlands Heart Hournal
Issue number1
Early online date3-Dec-2019
Publication statusPublished - Jan-2021


  • Chronic total occlusion
  • J-CTO score
  • Percutaneous coronary intervention
  • Recanalisation
  • Target vessel revascularisation

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