We report a microfluidic chaotic micromixer with staggered herringbone grooves having a geometry optimized for fast mobile-phase modification at the interface of a two-dimensional liquid chromatography system. The volume of the 300 mm mixers is 1.6 microliters and they provide mixing within 26 s at a flow rate of 4 mL min(-1) and 0.09 s at a flow rate of 1000 mL min(-1). Complete mixing is achieved within a distance of 3 cm along the 5 cm-long microchannel over the whole range of flow rates. The mixers can be used to mix aqueous phosphate-buffered saline solutions with methanol or acetonitrile at different ratios (1 : 2, 1 : 5 and 1 : 10). We also describe in detail an improved fabrication protocol for these mixers using a two-step soft photolithographic procedure. Mixers are made by replication in poly(dimethylsiloxane).
- CIRCULATING TUMOR-CELLS
- GROOVED MICROMIXERS