Diagnostic value of Doppler echocardiography for identifying hemodynamic significant pulmonary valve regurgitation in tetralogy of Fallot: Comparison with cardiac MRI

Niek E. G. Beurskens, Thomas M. Gorter, Petronella G. Pieper, Elke S. Hoendermis, Beatrijs Bartelds, Tjark Ebels, Rolf M. F. Berger, Tineke P. Willems, Joost P. van Melle*

*Corresponding author for this work

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Quantification of pulmonary regurgitation (PR) is essential in the management of patients with repaired tetralogy of Fallot (TOF). We sought to evaluate the accuracy of first-line Doppler echocardiography in comparison with cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to identify hemodynamic significant PR. Paired cardiac MRI and echocardiographic studies (n = 97) in patients with repaired TOF were retrospectively analyzed. Pressure half time (PHT) and pulmonary regurgitation index (PRi) were measured using continuous wave Doppler. The ratio of the color flow Doppler regurgitation jet width to pulmonary valve (PV) annulus (jet/annulus ratio) and diastolic to systolic time velocity integral (DSTVI; pulsed wave Doppler) were assessed. Accuracy of echocardiographic measurements was tested to identify significant PR as determined by phase-contrast MRI (PR fraction [PRF] ae 20%). Mean PRF was 29.4 +/- 15.7%. PHT <100 ms had a sensitivity of 93%, specificity 75%, positive predictive value (PPV) 92% and negative predictive value (NPV) 78% for identifying significant PR (C-statistic 0.82). PRi <0.77 had sensitivity and specificity of 66% and 54%, respectively (C-statistic 0.63). Jet/annulus ratio ae1/3 had sensitivity 96%, specificity 75%, PPV 92% and NPV 82% (C-statistic 0.87). DSTVI had sensitivity 84%, specificity 33%, PPV 84% and NPV 40%, (C-statistic 0.56). Combined jet/annulus ratio ae1/3 and PHT <100 ms was highly accurate in identifying PRF ae 20%, with sensitivity 97% and specificity 100%. PHT and jet/annulus ratio on Doppler echocardiography, especially when combined, are highly accurate in identifying significant PR and therefore seem useful in the follow-up of patients with repaired TOF.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1723-1730
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal Of Cardiovascular Imaging
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov-2017


  • Tetralogy of Fallot
  • Pulmonary regurgitation
  • Doppler echocardiography
  • Cardiac MRI

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