Diagonal Stability of Systems with Rank-1 Interconnections and Application to Automatic Generation Control in Power Systems

John W. Simpson-Porco, Nima Monshizadeh

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3 Citations (Scopus)
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We study a class of matrices with a rank-1 interconnection structure, and derive a simple necessary and sufficient condition for diagonal stability. The underlying Lyapunov function is used to provide sufficient conditions for diagonal stability of approximately rank-1 interconnections. The main result is then leveraged as a key step in a larger stability analysis problem arising in power systems control. Specifically, we provide the first theoretical stability analysis of automatic generation control (AGC) in an interconnected nonlinear power system. Our analysis is based on singular perturbation theory, and provides theoretical justification for the conventional wisdom that AGC is stabilizing under the typical time-scales of operation. We illustrate how our main analysis results can be leveraged to provide further insight into the tuning and dynamic performance of AGC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1518-1530
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE Transactions on Control of Network Systems
Issue number3
Early online date16-Sept-2021
Publication statusPublished - Sept-2022


  • Automatic generation control
  • automatic generation control
  • Diagonal stability
  • large-scale systems
  • Lyapunov inequality
  • Numerical stability
  • Perturbation methods
  • Power system dynamics
  • Power system stability
  • power systems control
  • singular perturbation I
  • Stability criteria
  • Symmetric matrices

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