Diamond Quantum Sensing Revealing the Relation between Free Radicals and Huntington's Disease

S. Fan, L. Nie, Y. Zhang, E. Ustyantseva, W. Woudstra, H. H. Kampinga, R. Schirhagl*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
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Abstract

Huntington's disease (HD) is a well-studied yet rare disease caused by a specific mutation that results in the expression of polyglutamine (PolyQ). The formation of aggregates of PolyQ leads to disease and increases the level of free radicals. However, it is unclear where free radicals are generated and how they impact cells. To address this, a new method called relaxometry was used to perform nanoscale MRI measurements with a subcellular resolution. The method uses a defect in fluorescent nanodiamond (FND) that changes its optical properties based on its magnetic surroundings, allowing for sensitive detection of free radicals. To investigate if radical generation occurs near PolyQ aggregates, stable tetracycline (tet)-inducible HDQ119-EGFP-expressing human embryonic kidney cells (HEK PQ) were used to induce the PolyQ formation and Huntington aggregation. The study found that NDs are highly colocalized with PolyQ aggregates at autolysosomes, and as the amount of PolyQ aggregation increased, so did the production of free radicals, indicating a relationship between PolyQ aggregation and autolysosome dysfunction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1427-1436
Number of pages10
JournalACS central science
Volume9
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21-Jun-2023

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