Dietary restraint in college women: Fear of an imperfect fat self is stronger than hope of a perfect thin self

Simon E. Dalley*, Paolo Toffanin, Thomas V. Pollet

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We predicted that the perceived likelihood of acquiring a hoped-for thin self would mediate perfectionistic strivings on dietary restraint, and that the perceived likelihood of acquiring a feared fat self would mediate perfectionistic concerns on dietary restraint. We also predicted that the mediation pathway from perfectionistic concerns to dietary restraint would have a greater impact than that from perfectionistic strivings. Participants were 222 female college students who reported their height and weight and completed measures of perfectionism, the likelihood of acquiring the feared fat and hoped-for thin selves, and dietary restraint. Statistical analyses revealed that the perceived likelihood of acquiring the feared fat self mediated both perfectionistic concerns and perfectionistic strivings on dietary restraint, and that the mediating pathway from perfectionistic concerns to dietary restraint was greater than that from perfectionistic strivings. Implications for future research and eating pathology interventions are discussed. (c) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)441-447
Number of pages7
JournalBody Image
Volume9
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep-2012

Keywords

  • Perfectionistic concerns
  • Perfectionistic strivings
  • Perceived likelihood
  • Dietary restraint
  • Possible selves
  • PERCEIVED WEIGHT STATUS
  • DUAL PROCESS MODEL
  • BODY-IMAGE
  • BULIMIC SYMPTOMS
  • EATING-DISORDERS
  • POSSIBLE SELVES
  • DIMENSIONS
  • METAANALYSIS
  • ASSOCIATION
  • ADOLESCENTS

Cite this