Differences between young and older adults in the control of weight shifting within the surface of support

Elisabeth A de Vries, Simone R Caljouw, Milou J M Coppens, Klaas Postema, Gijsbertus J Verkerke, Claudine J C Lamoth

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8 Citations (Scopus)
237 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

An important reason for falling in elderly is incorrect weight-shifting. In many daily life activities quick and accurate weight-shifting is needed to maintain balance and to prevent from falling. The present study aims to gain more insight in age-related differences in the control of weight-shifting. Nine healthy older adults (70.3 ± 6.9 years) and twelve young adults (20.9 ± 0.5 years) participated in the study. They performed a weight shifting task by moving the body's center of pressure, represented by a red dot on a screen, in different directions, towards targets of different sizes and at different distances projected on a screen. Movement time, fluency and accuracy of the movement were determined. Accuracy was quantified by the number of times the cursor hit the goal target before a target switch was realized (counts on goal) and by the time required to realize a target switch after the goal target was hit by the cursor for the first time (dwelling time). Fluency was expressed by the maximal deviation of the performed path with respect to the ideal path and the number of peaks, or inflections in the performed path. Significant main effects of target size, target distance and age on all outcome measures were found. With decreasing target size, increasing target distance and increasing age, movement time significantly increased and fluency and accuracy significantly decreased (i.e. increased number of peaks, maximal deviation, number of times on the goal target and longer dwelling time around the goal target). In addition, significant interaction effects of size*age and distance*age were found. Older adults needed more time to perform the weight-shifting task and their movements were less fluent and accurate compared to younger adults, especially with increasing task difficulty. This indicates that elderly might have difficulties with executing an adequate adaptation to a perturbation in daily life.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere98494
Number of pages8
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume9
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3-Jun-2014

Keywords

  • ANTICIPATORY POSTURAL ADJUSTMENTS
  • AGE
  • MOVEMENTS
  • BALANCE
  • STABILITY
  • FALLS
  • SPEED
  • INFORMATION
  • COMMUNITY
  • ACCURACY

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