Differences by sex and gender in the association between minority stress and alcohol use among sexual and gender minority youth: A daily diary study

W. J. Kiekens*, L. Baams, R. Veenstra

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Rationale
Sexual and gender minority (SGM) youth consume more alcohol than their heterosexual, cisgender peers. The experience of minority stress is theorized to explain these disparities. Research often neglects the day-to-day variability in minority stress that SGM youth encounter and whether alcohol use is associated with daily experiences of minority stress. Further, there is heterogeneity in alcohol use among SGM youth. Sex assigned at birth and gender identity could potentially explain this heterogeneity.
Objective
Therefore, this study aimed to examine whether daily experiences of minority stress were associated with daily alcohol use among SGM youth and how these associations differed by sex assigned at birth and gender identity.
Methods
A 14-day daily diary study was conducted among 393 Dutch SGM youth (M age = 18.36 SD = 2.65).
Results
Results showed few significant associations between both mean levels of minority stress and daily experiences with minority stress with alcohol use. However, higher mean levels of prejudice events were associated with higher odds of daily alcohol use (OR = 7.01, 95% CI: 1.20–40.89). Daily experiences with identity concealment were associated with lower odds of daily alcohol use for males (OR = 0.72, 95% CI: 0.60–0.86), but not for females (OR = 1.11, 95% CI: 0.93–1.32). Further, for cisgender youth, daily experiences with prejudice events were associated with higher odds of alcohol use (OR = 1.99, 95% CI: 1.05–3.78), but this was not the case for gender minority youth (OR = 0.42, 95% CI: 0.15–1.18).
Conclusions
The findings showed few significant associations between minority stressors and alcohol use, but daily experiences of concealment and prejudice events were associated with daily alcohol use and these associations varied by sex assigned at birth and gender identity, respectively.
Original languageEnglish
Article number114679
Number of pages9
JournalSocial Science & Medicine
Volume294
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb-2022

Keywords

  • Diary study
  • Alcohol use
  • Sexual and gender minority
  • Youth
  • LGBT
  • Minority stress

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