Different effects of oxytetracycline and doxycycline on mitochondrial protein synthesis in rat liver after long-term treatment

Coby van den Bogert*, Marijke Holtrop, Trudi E. Melis, Pieter R. Roefsema, Albert M. Kroon

*Corresponding author for this work

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    Abstract

    The tetracyclines inhibit specifically mitochondrial (mt) and bacterial protein synthesis when they are present in low concentrations (2–10 μg/ml). There is no difference between the various members of this group of antibiotics in this respect. In the present study, however, it is shown that the inhibitory effect of doxycycline on mt-protein synthesis in rat liver is partially lost after continuous treatment for more than 1 week, whereas oxytetracycline continues to inhibit mt-protein synthesis effectively after 1 week of treatment.
    To find an explanation for this difference between doxycycline and oxytetracycline, a detailed study was made of the distribution and the effects on mt-protein synthesis of both tetracyclines under various conditions in rat liver. The results of the studies lead to the hypothesis that doxycycline treatment induces the formation of a doxycycline complex, and thus to a reduced amount of free doxycycline. This may explain the loss of effective inhibition of mt-protein synthesis
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1555-1559
    Number of pages5
    JournalBiochemical Pharmacology
    Volume36
    Issue number9
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1-May-1987

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