Different Recurrence Pattern After Neoadjuvant Chemoradiotherapy Compared to Surgery Alone in Esophageal Cancer Patients

Justin K. Smit*, Sahin Guler, Jannet C. Beukema, Veronique E. Mul, Johannes G. M. Burgerhof, Geke A. P. Hospers, John Th. M. Plukker

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

38 Citations (Scopus)


To evaluate the rate and pattern of recurrences after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (CRT) in esophageal cancer patients.

We described survival and differences in recurrences from a single center between neoadjuvant CRT (carboplatin/paclitaxel and 41.4 Gy) and surgery alone for the period 2000-2011. To reduce bias, we performed a propensity score matched analysis.

A total of 204 patients were analyzed, 75 treated with neoadjuvant CRT and 129 with surgery alone. The pathologic response to neoadjuvant CRT was 69 % with a complete response rate of 25 %. After matching, baseline characteristics between the groups (both n = 75) were equally distributed. The 3- and 5-year disease-free survival was 53 and 42 % in the neoadjuvant CRT group compared with 24 and 18 % in the surgery-alone group (P = 0.011). After 3 and 5 years' CRT, patients had an estimated locoregional recurrence-free survival of 83 and 73 % compared with 52 and 49 % in the surgery-alone group (P = 0.015). The distant recurrence-free survival was comparable in both groups. Locoregional recurrences were located less in the paraesophageal lymph nodes in the CRT group than in the surgery-alone group, 9 versus 21 %, respectively (P = 0.041). With respect to differences in distant recurrences, we observed more skeletal recurrences in the surgery-alone group compared to CRT, 12 versus 1 % (P = 0.009).

The neoadjuvant CRT regimen we used offers a significant improvement in outcome, with a different recurrence pattern compared with surgery alone. This effect is probably due to both the pathologic complete response and eradication of micrometastases in CRT group.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4008-4015
Number of pages8
JournalAnnals of Surgical Oncology
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Nov-2013
EventGastrointestinal Cancers Symposium of the American-Society-of-Clinical-Oncology (ASCO) - , Canada
Duration: 24-Jan-201326-Jan-2013



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