Differential effects of phenylephrine and norepinephrine on peripheral tissue oxygenation during general anaesthesia: A randomised controlled trial

Marieke Poterman*, Jaap Jan Vos, Hugo E. M. Vereecke, Michel M. R. F. Struys, Henk Vanoverschelde, Thomas W. L. Scheeren, Alain F. Kalmar

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Phenylephrine and norepinephrine are two vasopressors commonly used to counteract anaesthesia-induced hypotension. Their dissimilar working mechanisms may differentially affect the macro and microcirculation, and ultimately tissue oxygenation.

OBJECTIVES

We investigated the differential effect of phenylephrine and norepinephrine on the heart rate (HR), stroke volume (SV), cardiac index (CI), cerebral tissue oxygenation (SctO(2)) and peripheral tissue oxygenation (SptO(2)), and rate-pressure product (RPP).

DESIGN

A randomised controlled study.

SETTING

Single-centre, University Medical Center Groningen, The Netherlands.

PATIENTS

Sixty normovolaemic patients under balanced propofol/remifentanil anaesthesia.

INTERVENTIONS

If the mean arterial pressure (MAP) dropped below 80% of the awake state value, phenylephrine (100 mu g + 0.5 mu g kg(-1) min(-1)) or norepinephrine (10 mu g + 0.05 mu g kg(-1) min(-1)) was administered in a randomised fashion.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES

MAP, HR, SV, CI, SctO(2), SptO(2) and rate-pressure product (RPP) analysed from 30 s before drug administration until 240 s thereafter.

RESULTS

Phenylephrine and norepinephrine caused an equivalent increase in MAP [Delta = 13 (8 to 22) and Delta = 13 (9 to 19) mmHg, respectively] and SV [Delta = 6 +/- 6 and Delta = 5 +/- 7 ml, respectively], combined with a significant equivalent decrease in HR (both Delta = -8 +/- 6 bpm), CI (both Delta = -0.2 +/- 0.3 l min(-1) m(-2)) and SctO(2) and an unchanged RPP (Delta = 345 +/- 876 and Delta = 537 +/- 1076 mmHg min(-1)). However, SptO(2) was slightly but statistically significantly (P <0.05) decreased after norepinephrine [Delta = -3 (-6 to 0)%] but not after phenylephrine administration [Delta = 0 (-1 to 1)%]. In both groups, SptO(2) after vasopressor was still higher than the awake value.

CONCLUSION

In normovolaemic patients under balanced propofol/remifentanil anaesthesia, phenylephrine and norepinephrine produced similar clinical effects when used to counteract anaesthesia-induced hypotension. After norepinephrine, a fall in peripheral tissue oxygenation was statistically significant, but its magnitude was not clinically relevant.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)571-580
Number of pages10
JournalEuropean Journal of Anaesthesiology
Volume32
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug-2015

Keywords

  • NEAR-INFRARED SPECTROSCOPY
  • CEREBRAL-BLOOD-FLOW
  • CARDIAC-OUTPUT
  • ARTERIAL-PRESSURE
  • HEALTHY-SUBJECTS
  • VENOUS RETURN
  • SURGERY
  • REMIFENTANIL
  • SATURATION
  • PROPOFOL

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