Digital Leisure Engagement and Positive Outcomes in the Workplace: A Systematic Literature Review

Joschka Gellmers, Nanxi Yan*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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The rise of the Internet and information and communication technologies (ICTs) has led to employees spending increasingly more time on non-work-related digital activities at work. A vast literature base exists that is devoted to the potential adverse effect of such activities in the form of cyberloafing. However, not much is known about the positive outcomes of such activities conceptualized as digital leisure. The present review systematically examines current literature on digital leisure activities and how these contribute to positive outcomes in the workplace. Additionally, possible moderating and mediating variables are investigated. Using the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses (PRISMA) framework, eight peer-reviewed studies were identified that met inclusion criteria. The results indicate that resource recovery processes and employee well-being, as well as employee productivity are positively associated with digital leisure in the workplace. Age was found to moderate the relationship between digital leisure and self-reported employee productivity, while employee satisfaction was found to mediate the relationship between digital leisure and employee productivity. Future research directions are outlined and implications for the work context are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1014
Number of pages16
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 5-Jan-2023

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