Dimensions of national culture as predictors of cross-national differences in subjective well-being

W.A. Arrindell, C Hatzichristou, J Wensink, E Rosenberg, B van Twillert, J Stedema, D Meijer

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The value of predicting cross-national variations in Subjective Well-Being (SWB) from Hofstede's dimensions of national culture (1980) was examined using data collected in 36 nations; The Hofstede dimensions were: Individualism-Collectivism (IDV), Power Distance (PDI), Masculinity-Femininity (MAS), and Uncertainty Avoidance (UAI). With factors other than the Hofstede dimensions of national culture (National Wealth/Purchasing Power, Civil Rights and Income Social Comparison) being equal across nations, low UAI succeeded in predicting high national levels of SWB. As anticipated, a significant negative interaction was observed between MAS and National Wealth in predicting national SWB levels: in the poorer countries Masculinity correlated positively with SWB, whereas a negative association was observed for the subset of richer countries. Relatively speaking, feminine-rich countries reported the highest SWB levels. The predictive capability of MAS x National Wealth was independent of that of UAI. The predictive capabilities of MAS x National Wealth and UAI were both independent of national character. (C) 1997 Elsevier Science Ltd.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)37-53
Number of pages17
JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jul-1997
EventXIII Congress of the International-Association-for-Cross-Cultural-Psychology - , Canada
Duration: 12-Aug-199616-Aug-1996



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