Disaster Risk Reduction in Iranian Primary and Secondary School Textbooks: A Content Analysis

Hamed Seddighi*, Sepideh Yousefzadeh Faal Daghati, Monica Lopez Lopez, Homeira Sajjadi, Meroe Vemeghi, Hassan Rafiey, Hamidreza Khankeh

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

Objective:
School textbooks have a significant role in transferring knowledge to the students and changing their behavior. This work aims to analyze school textbooks to find the representation of natural hazards in Iran, which is vital for supporting children in disaster situations.

Methods:
In this study, a qualitative content analysis was used. Data were analyzed qualitatively by using MAXQDA 2018 software. For the 2019–2020 school year, 300 Iranian school textbooks in Persian language were collected.

Results:
Findings of this work show that students receive information about disaster risk reduction (DRR) education through the primary and secondary grade levels in all 12 grades. The educational content covers various types of natural hazards, including geophysical, hydrological, climatological, meteorological, and biological disasters. In addition, the textbooks contain discussions about local hazards, causes and effects of disasters, and the disaster management cycle.

Conclusions:
The coverage of DRR and the relevant contents in school textbooks reveals that the discourse of natural hazards is important for Iranian authorities, especially in the education system. This study helps decision-makers and practitioners design more effective interventions to prepare children for disasters.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages9
JournalDisaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 21-Jul-2021

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