Discrete dislocation plasticity analysis of the grain size dependence of the flow strength of polycrystals

D. S. Balint*, V. S. Deshpande, A. Needleman, E. Van der Giessen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

88 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

The grain size dependence of the flow strength of polycrystals is analyzed using plane strain, discrete dislocation plasticity. Dislocations are modeled as line singularities in a linear elastic solid and plasticity occurs through the collective motion of large numbers of dislocations. Constitutive rules are used to model lattice resistance to dislocation motion, as well as dislocation nucleation, dislocation annihilation and the interaction with obstacles. The materials analyzed consist of micron scale grains having either one or three slip systems and two types of grain arrangements: either a checker-board pattern or randomly dispersed with a specified volume fraction. Calculations are carried out for materials with either a high density of dislocation sources or a low density of dislocation sources. In all cases, the grain boundaries are taken to be impenetrable to dislocations. A Hall-Petch type relation is predicted with Hall-Petch exponents ranging from approximate to 0.3 to approximate to 1.6 depending on the number of slip systems, the grain arrangement, the dislocation source density and the range of grain sizes to which a Hall-Petch expression is fit. The grain size dependence of the flow strength is obtained even when no slip incompatibility exists between grains suggesting that slip blocking/transmission governs the Hall-Petch effect in the simulations. (c) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2149-2172
Number of pages24
JournalInternational Journal of Plasticity
Volume24
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec-2008

Keywords

  • Discrete dislocations
  • Mechanical properties
  • Size effects
  • Plasticity
  • Polycrystals
  • CRACK-TIP FIELDS
  • NANOCRYSTALLINE METALS
  • SINGLE-CRYSTAL
  • THIN-FILMS
  • DEFORMATION
  • SIMULATION
  • DYNAMICS
  • BEHAVIOR
  • STRESS
  • MECHANISMS

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