Discrete-Event Control and Optimization of Container Terminal Operations

Rully Tri Cahyono

Research output: ThesisThesis fully internal (DIV)

122 Downloads (Pure)


This thesis discusses the dynamical modeling of complex container terminal operations. In the current literature, the systems are usually modeled in static way using linear programming techniques. This setting does not completely capture the dynamic aspects in the operations, where information about external factors such as ships and trucks arrivals or departures and also the availability of terminal's equipment can always change. We propose dynamical modeling of container terminal operations using discrete-event systems (DES) modeling framework. The basic framework in this thesis is the DES modeling for berth and quay crane allocation problem (BCAP) where the systems are not only dynamic, but also asynchronous. We propose a novel berth and QC allocation method, namely the model predictive allocation (MPA) which is based on model predictive control principle and rolling horizon implementation. The DES models with asynchronous event transition is mathematically analyzed to show the efficacy of our method. We study an optimal input allocation problem for a class of discrete-event systems with dynamic input sequence (DESDIS). We show that in particular, the control input can be obtained by the minimization/maximization of the present input sequence only. We have shown that the proposed approach performed better than the existing method used in the studied terminal and state-of-the-art methods in the literature.
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
Awarding Institution
  • University of Groningen
  • Jayawardhana, Bayu, Supervisor
  • Scherpen, Jacqueline, Supervisor
  • Vis, Iris, Assessment committee
  • Bauso, Dario, Assessment committee
  • Negenborn, R.R., Assessment committee, External person
Award date12-Feb-2021
Place of Publication[Groningen]
Publication statusPublished - 2021

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