Dissecting the 3D structure of elliptical galaxies with gravitational lensing and stellar kinematics

Matteo Barnabè, Chiara Spiniello, Léon V. E. Koopmans

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademic

3 Citations (Scopus)


The combination of strong gravitational lensing and stellar kinematics provides a powerful and robust method to investigate the mass and dynamical structure of early-type galaxies. We demonstrate this approach by analysing two massive ellipticals from the XLENS Survey for which both high-resolution HST imaging and X-Shooter spectroscopic observations are available. We adopt a flexible axisymmetric two-component mass model for the lens galaxies, consisting of a generalised NFW dark halo and a realistic self-gravitating stellar mass distribution. For both systems, we put constraints on the dark halo inner structure and flattening, and we find that they are dominated by the luminous component within one effective radius. By comparing the tight inferences on the stellar mass from the combined lensing and dynamics analysis with the values obtained from stellar population studies, we conclude that both galaxies are characterised by a Salpeter-like stellar initial mass function.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIAU Symposium
Publication statusPublished - Feb-2015
EventIAUS 309 : Galaxies in 3D across the Universe - Vienna, Austria
Duration: 7-Jul-201414-Jul-2014


ConferenceIAUS 309


  • galaxies: elliptical and lenticular
  • cD
  • galaxies: structure
  • galaxies: kinematics and dynamics
  • gravitational lensing: strong

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