Distal Duodenogastrostomy or Proximal Jejunogastrostomy in the Management of Ultra-Short Bowel

Tjipke Olivier Hofker, Mirjam Anna Kaijser, Vincent B. Nieuwenhuijs, Johan Frederick Michel Lange, Hendrik Sijbrand Hofker*

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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    Inflammatory bowel disease, vascular disease, volvulus, adhesions, or abdominal trauma may necessitate extensive small-bowel resection resulting in an ultra-short distal duodenal or jejunal stump. If this distal duodenal or short jejunal stump is too short for stoma creation and bowel continuity restoration is hazardous or not possible at all, a distal duodenogastrostomy or proximal jejunogastrostomy in combination with drainage of the stomach is an option to prevent stump leakage. Although successful, this distal duodenogastrostomy has been described only in very few patients and in older records. We reintroduced this technique and describe a recent series of patients that confirms its usefulness in certain conditions. The technique of the distal duodenogastrostomy or proximal jejunogastrostomy with gastric drainage was used for the management of the difficult distal duodenum stump in five critically ill patients undergoing extensive bowel resection. Four patients with small-bowel ischemia and one patient suffering from perforating Crohn's disease and small-bowel volvulus were treated successfully. The gastrostomies were subsequently converted to a duodenotransversostomy (in two patients) or the patients underwent small-bowel transplantation (two patients). One patient still has a jejunogastrostomy just after the duodenal-jejunal transition. In all five patients, the distal duodenogastrostomy or proximal jejunogastrostomy in combination with gastric drainage functioned well up to restoration of bowel continuity. In one patient, distal duodenogastrostomy and transabdominal gastric drainage functioned well for 5 years. No anastomotic leakage occurred. This procedure provides a feasible solution for an ultra-short bowel at emergency laparotomy. It enhances the surgical armamentarium and provides treatment options for these patients that were perhaps previously deemed unsalvageable.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)538-543
    Number of pages6
    JournalJournal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - Mar-2018


    • Duodenogastrostomy
    • Proximal jejunogastrostomy
    • Short bowel syndrome
    • Near total enterectomy
    • Total parenteral nutrition
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