Distance determination for RAVE stars using stellar models: III. The nature of the RAVE survey and Milky Way chemistry

B. Burnett*, J. Binney, S. Sharma, M. Williams, T. Zwitter, O. Bienayme, J. Bland-Hawthorn, K. C. Freeman, J. Fulbright, B. Gibson, G. Gilmore, E. K. Grebel, A. Helmi, U. Munari, J. F. Navarro, Q. A. Parker, G. M. Seabroke, A. Siebert, A. Siviero, M. SteinmetzF. G. Watson, R. F. G. Wyse

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

We apply the method of Burnett & Binney (2010, MNRAS, 407, 339) for the determination of stellar distances and parameters to the internal catalogue of the RAdial Velocity Experiment (RAVE; Steinmetz et al. 2006, AJ, 132, 1645). Subsamples of stars that either have Hipparcos parallaxes or belong to well-studied clusters inspire confidence in the formal errors. Distances to dwarfs cooler than similar to 6000K appear to be unbiased, but those to hotter dwarfs tend to be too small by similar to 10% of the formal errors. Distances to giants tend to be too large by about the same amount. The median distance error in the whole sample of 216 000 stars is 28% and the error distribution is similar for both giants and dwarfs. Roughly half the stars in the RAVE survey are giants. The giant fraction is largest at low latitudes and in directions towards the Galactic Centre. Near the plane the metallicity distribution is remarkably narrow and centred on [M/H] = -0.04 dex; with increasing vertical bar z vertical bar it broadens out and its median moves to [M/H] similar or equal to -0.5. Mean age as a function of distance from the Galactic centre and distance vertical bar z vertical bar from the Galactic plane shows the anticipated increase in mean age with vertical bar z vertical bar.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberA113
Number of pages14
JournalAstronomy & astrophysics
Volume532
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug-2011

Keywords

  • stars: distances
  • stars: fundamental parameters
  • Galaxy: abundances
  • Galaxy: disk
  • Galaxy: stellar content
  • Galaxy: structure
  • VELOCITY EXPERIMENT RAVE
  • GENEVA-COPENHAGEN SURVEY
  • DIGITAL SKY SURVEY
  • SOLAR NEIGHBORHOOD
  • DATA RELEASE
  • GALACTIC DISC
  • AGES
  • EVOLUTION
  • METALLICITIES
  • KINEMATICS

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