Distributed energy generation techniques and the competitive fringe effect in electricity markets

Machiel Mulder, Vaiva Petrikaite*, Bert Scholtens

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We analyse the impact of two different generation techniques used by fringe suppliers on the intensity of competition in the electricity wholesale market. For that purpose, we derive a Cournot model of this market taking into account long-term contracts, international trade and fringe suppliers using different energy generating technologies. We apply this model to the Dutch market and estimate the impact of fringe supply on the Lerner index. We find that the fringe supply coming from both intermittent wind generation and combined heat and power (CHP) plants operated by horticultural farmers increases competition, which leads to lower prices in the electricity market. However, this impact is relatively small. The effect per unit of intermittent wind electricity generation on competition and, therefore, prices is stronger than that of the CHP technology. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)125-140
Number of pages16
JournalResource and Energy Economics
Volume42
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov-2015

Keywords

  • Green technology
  • Quantity competition
  • Fringe effect
  • CHP
  • Wind energy
  • SPOT MARKET
  • COURNOT
  • EQUILIBRIA
  • OLIGOPOLY
  • AUCTIONS
  • INDUSTRY
  • US

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