Diverse Placental Pathologies as the Main Causes of Fetal Death

Fleurisca J. Korteweg*, Jan Jaap H. M. Erwich, Jozien P. Holm, Joke M. Ravise, Jan van der Meer, Nic J. G. M. Veeger, Albertus Timmer, Meer J. van der

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

80 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To estimate the occurrence of placental causes of fetal death in relation to different gestational ages and their clinical manifestations during pregnancy.

METHODS: In a prospective cohort study conducted from 2002 to 2006, we studied 750 couples with singleton intrauterine fetal death after 20 weeks of gestation. Cause of death was classified according to the Dutch Tulip cause of death classification for perinatal mortality. Differences between groups for categorical data were evaluated by the Fisher exact test or chi(2) test.

RESULTS: The main causes were placental pathology (64.9%), congenital anomaly (5.3%), infection (1.9%), other (4.8%), and unknown (23.1%). The contribution of causes differed over gestational age periods. At lower gestational age, placental and unknown were the most dominant causes of death (34.8% and 41.7%, respectively); at higher gestational age, the relative importance of an unknown cause decreased and a placental cause increased (16.5% and 77.6%) (P

CONCLUSION: Most fetal deaths were caused by a variety of placental pathologies. These were related to gestational age, and their clinical manifestations varied during pregnancy. (Obstet Gynecol 2009;114:809-17)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)809-817
Number of pages9
JournalObstetrics and Gynecology
Volume114
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Oct-2009
EventAnnual Conference of the International-Stillbirth-Association -
Duration: 29-Sep-20072-Oct-2007

Keywords

  • CLINICAL-SIGNIFICANCE
  • PERINATAL-MORTALITY
  • FIBRIN DEPOSITION
  • PREECLAMPSIA
  • CLASSIFICATION
  • DIAGNOSIS
  • OUTCOMES
  • VASCULOPATHY
  • AUTOPSIES
  • QUALITY

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