Divided We Stand: An Analysis of the Enduring Political East-West Divide in Germany 30 Years after the Wall's Fall

Lars Rensmann*

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    Abstract

    Germany continues to face an inter-regional political divide between the East and the West three decades after unification. Most strikingly, this divide is expressed in different party systems. The right-wing populist Alternative for Germany and the left-wing populist Left Party are considerably more successful in the eastern regions, while German centrist parties perform worse (and shrink faster at the ballot-box) than in the West. The article discusses empirical evidence of this resilient yet puzzling political divide and explores three main clusters of explanatory factors: The after-effects of the German Democratic Republic’s authoritarian past and its politico-cultural legacies, translating into distinct value cleavage configurations alongside significantly weaker institutional trust and more wide-spread skepticism towards democracy in the East; continuous, even if partly reduced inter-regional socioeconomic divisions and varying economic, social and political opportunities; and populist parties and movements acting as political entrepreneurs who construct and politically reinforce the East-West divide. It is argued that only the combination of these factors helps understand the depth and origins of the lasting divide.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number3
    Pages (from-to)32-54
    Number of pages23
    JournalGerman Politics and Society
    Volume37
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1-Sep-2019

    Keywords

    • cleavages
    • East-West divide
    • German party system
    • historical legacies
    • political culture

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