DNA Polymerase Activity in Heat Killing and Hyperthermic Radiosensitization of Mammalian Cells as Observed after Fractionated Heat Treatments

J. B. M. Jorritsma*, P. Burgman, H. H. Kampinga, A. W. T. Konings

*Corresponding author for this work

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    Possible relations between hyperthermic inactivation of α and β DNA polymerase activity and hyperthermic cell killing or hyperthermic radiosensitization were investigated. Ehrlich Ascites Tumor (EAT) cells and HeLa S3 cells were treated with fractionated doses of hyperthermia. The heating schedules were chosen such that the initial heat treatment resulted in either thermotolerance or thermosensitization (step-down heating) for the second heat treatment. The results show that for DNA polymerase activity and heat radiosensitization (cell survival) no thermotolerance or thermosensitization is observed. Thus hyperthermic cell killing and DNA polymerase activity are not correlated. The correlation of hyperthermic radiosensitization and DNA polymerase activity was substantially less than observed in previous experiments with normotolerant and thermotolerant HeLa S3 cells. We conclude that α and β DNA polymerase inactivation is not always the critical cellular process responsible for hyperthermic cell killing or hyperthermic radiosensitization. Other possible cellular systems that might determine these processes are discussed
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)307-319
    Number of pages13
    JournalRadiation Research
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - Mar-1986

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