Do Handcycling Time-Trial Velocities Achieved by Para-Cycling Athletes Vary Across Handcycling Classes?

Rafael E.A. Muchaxo*, Sonja Groot, de, L. H. V. van der Woude, Thomas W.J. Janssen, Carla F J Nooijen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

The classification system for handcycling groups athletes into five hierarchical classes, based on how much their impairment affects performance. Athletes in class H5, with the least impairments, compete in a kneeling position, while athletes in classes H1 to H4 compete in a recumbent position. This study investigated the average time-trial velocity of athletes in different classes. A total of 1,807 results from 353 athletes who competed at 20 international competitions (2014-2018) were analyzed. Multilevel regression was performed to analyze differences in average velocities between adjacent pairs of classes, while correcting for gender, age, and event distance. The average velocity of adjacent classes was significantly different (p < .01), with higher classes being faster, except for H4 and H5. However, the effect size of the differences between H3 and H4 was smaller (d = 0.12). Hence, results indicated a need for research in evaluating and developing evidence-based classification in handcycling, yielding a class structure with meaningful performance differences between adjacent classes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)461-480
Number of pages20
JournalAdapted physical activity quarterly
Volume37
Issue number4
Early online date2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct-2020

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