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Abstract

Three-dimensional technology is increasingly being used in acetabular fracture treatment. No systematic reviews are available about the added clinical value of 3D-assisted acetabular fracture surgery compared to conventional surgery. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate whether 3D-assisted acetabular fracture surgery compared to conventional surgery improves surgical outcomes in terms of operation time, intraoperative blood loss, intraoperative fluoroscopy usage, complications, and postoperative fracture reduction, and whether it improves physical functioning. Pubmed and Embase databases were searched for articles on 3D technologies in acetabular fracture surgery, published between 2010 and February 2021. The McMaster critical review form was used to assess the methodological quality. Differences between 3D-assisted and conventional surgery were evaluated using the weighted mean and odds ratios. Nineteen studies were included. Three-dimensional-assisted surgery resulted in significantly shorter operation times (162.5 ± 79.0 versus 296.4 ± 56.0 min), less blood loss (697.9 ± 235.7 mL versus 1097.2 ± 415.5 mL), and less fluoroscopy usage (9.3 ± 5.9 versus 22.5 ± 20.4 times). The odds ratios of complications and fracture reduction were 0.5 and 0.4 for functional outcome in favour of 3D-assisted surgery, respectively. Three-dimensional-assisted surgery reduces operation time, intraoperative blood loss, fluoroscopy usage, and complications. Evidence for the improvement of fracture reduction and functional outcomes is limited.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-16
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of personalized medicine
Volume11
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 27-Sep-2021

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