Does ontogeny matter? A simulation study on the effect of island ontogeny in the evolution of island clades

Pedro Santos Neves*, Luis Valente, Rampal S. Etienne

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to conferencePosterAcademic

Abstract

Oceanic islands are not static entities; instead, their size and features change dynamically through time, a process called island ontogeny. It has been hypothesized that the gradual or at times abrupt changes an island experiences during its lifespan can have a strong effect on the composition and evolution of biological communities. The general dynamic model of island biogeography assumes that island area and topographic complexity change through time and influence the number of available niches, and thus rates of diversification. A previous study demonstrated the role of single-island ontogeny on the Hawaiian biota, but most diversification studies on islands have not considered it. We tested under what conditions island ontogeny can bias diversification studies if not taken into account, using a simulation approach based on an extended version of the phylogenetic framework DAISIE. We simulated evolution on islands subject to ontogenetic processes and attempted to infer the generating parameters using existing methods that ignore ontogeny. Furthermore, we assessed how reasonable predictions of future biodiversity that ignore past island ontogeny are. Our analyses allow us to lay out guidelines on how and when to incorporate island geomorphological data into island phylogenetic diversification studies. This will lead to more robust conclusions about the origin and maintenance of biodiversity on oceanic islands.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 16-Apr-2019
EventNetherlands Society for Evolutionary Biology Meeting 2019 - Akoesticum, Ede, Netherlands
Duration: 16-Apr-201916-Apr-2019
Conference number: 2
http://nlseb.nl/meeting-2019/
http://nlseb.nl/nlseb2019-talk-poster-abstracts/

Conference

ConferenceNetherlands Society for Evolutionary Biology Meeting 2019
Abbreviated titleNLSEB2019
Country/TerritoryNetherlands
CityEde
Period16/04/201916/04/2019
Internet address

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