Does Schoolmate and Teacher Support Buffer against the Effect of Adverse Childhood Experiences on Emotional and Behavioural Problems?

Miriama Lackova Rebicova*, Zuzana Dankulincova Veselska, Daniela Husarova, Andrea Madarasova Geckova, Danielle E M C Jansen, Jitse P van Dijk, Sijmen A Reijneveld

*Corresponding author for this work

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This study aims to explore the associations of schoolmate and teacher support with emotional and behavioural problems (EBP) and whether schoolmate and teacher support affects the associations of adverse childhood experiences (ACE) and of EBP in adolescence. We obtained data from 5220 students aged from 11 to 15 (48.7% boys), who participated in the Health Behaviour in a School-aged Children study (2018, Slovakia). Using logistic regression adjusted for gender, age and family affluence we assessed the modification of the relations of ACE and EBP by schoolmate and teacher support. Schoolmate and teacher support decreased the probability of EBP (Odds Ratios, 95% confidence intervals: 0.76, 0.74|0.79; and 0.86, 0.83|0.89, respectively). However, we found no statistically significant interactions of schoolmate and teacher support regarding the association of ACE with EBP. Schoolmate and teacher support decreased the likelihood of EBP among adolescents but do not buffer the relation of any previous ACE with EBP.

Original languageEnglish
Article number13009
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Issue number24
Publication statusPublished - 9-Dec-2021


  • Adolescent
  • Adolescent Behavior
  • Adverse Childhood Experiences
  • Child
  • Emotions
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Problem Behavior
  • Students

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