Does social support mediate or moderate socioeconomic differences in self-rated health among adolescents?

Ferdinand Salonna*, Andrea Madarasova Geckova, Ivan Zezula, Maria Sleskova, Johan W. Groothoff, Sijmen A. Reijneveld, Jitse P. van Dijk

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Social support is assumed to be a protective social determinant of health. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to explore whether social support from the father, mother and friends mediates or moderates the association between socioeconomic position and self-rated health among adolescents.

The sample consisted of 1,863 secondary school students from the Kosice region in Slovakia (mean age 16.85; 53.3% females, response rate 98.9%). We assessed the mediation and moderation effects of social support from the mother, father and friends on the relation between socioeconomic position and self-rated health, performing binary logistic regression models. Socioeconomic position was measured by parents' education, the family affluence scale and financial strain.

Social support from the father mediated the association between family affluence and self-rated health among both males and females and the association between financial strain and self-rated health among males only. No moderating effect of social support on socioeconomic differences in self-rated health was found.

Father involvement seems to have the potential to mediate socioeconomic differences in health during adolescence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)609-617
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Public Health
Volume57
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun-2012

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Health
  • Self-rated health
  • Social support
  • Socioeconomic status
  • CORONARY-HEART-DISEASE
  • PHYSICAL HEALTH
  • LIFE EVENTS
  • BEHAVIOR
  • INEQUALITIES
  • DEPRESSION
  • SYMPTOMS
  • CHILDREN
  • NETWORK
  • STRESS

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