Does the cognitive architecture of simplex and multiplex ASD families differ?

Anoek M. Oerlemans*, Catharina A. Hartman, Barbara Franke, Jan K. Buitelaar, Nanda N. J. Rommelse

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

Children with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and their unaffected siblings from 54 simplex (SPX, one individual in the family affected) and 59 multiplex (MPX, two or more individuals affected) families, and 124 controls were assessed on intelligence, social cognition and executive functions. SPX and MPX ASD probands displayed similar cognitive profiles, but within-family contrasts were highest in SPX families, suggesting SPX-MPX stratification may help parse etiological heterogeneity of ASD. Unaffected siblings (regardless SPX or MPX) were mostly unimpaired, suggesting that cognitive problems may be part of the defining features of ASD, rather than being an endophenotypic trait. Except for affective prosody, which appeared to be the most sensitive cognitive marker for detecting familial risk for ASD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)489-501
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Volume46
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb-2016

Keywords

  • Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)
  • Simplex-multiplex stratification
  • Family
  • Unaffected siblings
  • Cognition
  • AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDERS
  • COMMON GENETIC-VARIANTS
  • DE-NOVO MUTATIONS
  • COMPREHENSIVE METAANALYSIS
  • EXECUTIVE FUNCTION
  • RISK-FACTORS
  • QUOTIENT AQ
  • CHILDREN
  • PARENTS
  • PROFILES

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