Dopamine receptors genes polymorphisms in Parkinson patients with levodopa-induced dyskinesia

Ivan V Pozhidaev, V. M. Alifirova, Maxim B. Freidin, I.A. Zhukova, Olga Yu Fedorenko, Diana Z Osmanova, Y.S. Mironova, Berend Wilffert, Svetlana A. Ivanova, Antonius Loonen

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Dopamine receptors genes polymorphisms in Parkinson patients with levodopa-induced dyskinesia I. Pozhidaev(1), V.M. Alifirova(2), M.B. Freidin(3), I.A. Zhukova(2), O.Y. Fedorenko(1), D.Z. Osmanova(1), Y.S. Mironova(2), B. Wilffert(4), S.A. Ivanova(1), A.J.M. Loonen(5) (1)Mental Health Research Institute, Molecular Genetics and Biochemistry, Tomsk, Russia (2)Siberian State Medical University, Neurology and Neurosurgery, Tomsk, Russia (3)Research Institute for Medical Genetics, Laboratory of Population Genetics, Tomsk, Russia (4)Groningen Research Institute of Pharmacy, Pharmacotherapy and Clinical Pharmacology, Groningen, The Netherlands (5)Groningen Research Institute of Pharmacy, Pharmacotherapy in Psychiatric Patients, Groningen, The Netherlands Introduction: Long-term levodopa treatment of Parkinson's disease (PD) is frequently complicated by spontaneously occurring involuntary muscle movements called levodopa-induced dyskinesia (LID). LID are a substantial barrier to effective symptomatic management of Parkinson's disease (PD), as up to 45% of L-DOPA users develop LID within 5 years [1]. The exact pathological mechanism of this complication has not yet been elucidated. A lot of studies nowadays which approved complex genetic nature of LID. And these genes are involved not only for oxidative stress, but in drug metabolism too [2–4]. Objective: This study aimed to investigate a possible contribution of polymorphic variants of DRD1, DRD2, DRD2/ANKK1, DRD3, DRD4 genes in the development of LID in PD patients. Methods: 212 patients with Parkinson's disease on levodopa therapy were investigated. Dyskinesia was measured by using Abnormal Involuntary Movement Scale (AIMS). DNA extraction and fluorogenic 5′-exonuclease TaqMan genotyping assays were conducted according to standard protocols and blind to clinical status of the subjects. Genotyping was carried out on 28 SNPs of dopamine receptors (rs4532, rs936461, rs6275, rs1801028, rs4245147, rs134655, rs6277, rs1076560, rs2283265, rs179997, rs6279, rs1076562, rs2734842, rs2734849, rs11721264, rs167770, rs3773678, rs963468, rs7633291, rs2134655, rs9817063, rs324035, rs1800828, rs167771, rs6280, rs1587756, rs3758653, rs11246226) on the MassARRAY® Analyzer 4 (Agena Bioscience™) using the set SEQUENOM Consumables iPLEX Gold 384. SPSS software was used for statistical analysis. Statistical significance of the association testing was established using permutations. P-value <0.05 after permutations was considered statistically significant. Results: Patients in our cohort demonstrated typical PD demographics, with a mean age of onset of 60.04 ± 9.46 years, a mean disease duration of 9.79 ± 5.57 years. Dyskinesia was reported in 57 (26.9%) patients. The distribution of genotypes of studied genes corresponded to the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. We found that 5 polymorphisms (rs4245147, rs6275, rs2734842, rs6279, rs1076562) are significantly associated with LID. All these polymorphisms are located in DRD2 gene. In logistic regression models adjusted for the covariates, such as age, gender and duration of disease only one of the studied markers was associated with LID (rs4245147). Odds ratio for carriers of the genotype TT is 1.73 [95% CI: 1.12–2.70], which indicates the predisposing effect of this genotype on the development of dyskinesia. Polymorphisms in the dopamine receptors genes play significant role in the therapy response to L-DOPA as well as in various of its adverse effects. We hypothesized that single nucleotide polymorphisms in DR genes may result in a clinical phenotype contributing to an increased risk of LID. This appears to be especially true for rs4245147 of the DRD2 gene. Hence, this gene polymorphism is a good candidate for studying (genetic) biomarkers predicting the risk of developing this movement disorder. Conclusion: Rs4245147 polymorphism of the DRD2 gene is a putative component of a set of biomarkers predicting the vulnerability to develop dyskinesia. References [1] Rascol, O., Brooks, D.J., Korczyn, A.D., et al., 2000. Study Group: A five–year study of the incidence of dyskinesia in patients with early Parkinson's disease who were treated with ropinirole or L–DOPA. N Engl J Med 342, 1484–1491. [2] Ivanova, S.A., Fedorenko, O.Y., Freidin, M.B., et al., 2016. Dissimilar mechanistic background of peripheral and orofacial hyperkinesia in patients with Parkinson's disease and levodopa-induced dyskinesia. Physiology and Pharmacology 19, 216–221. [3] Kaplan, N., Vituri, A., Korczyn, A.D., et al., 2014. Sequence variants in SLC6A3, DRD2, and BDNF genes and time to levodopa-induced dyskinesias in Parkinson's disease. J Mol Neurosci 53 (2), 183–1880. [4] Rieck, M., Schumacher-Schuh, A.F., Altmann, V., et al., 2012. DRD2 haplotype is associated with dyskinesia induced by levodopa therapy in Parkinson's disease patients. Pharmacogenomics 13 (15), 1701–1710. Keywords: Receptors Dopamine Genetics / Molecular genetics
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Event30th ECNP Congress - Paris 2017 -
Duration: 2-Sep-20175-Sep-2017


Conference30th ECNP Congress - Paris 2017

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