Dynamic Demand and Mean-Field Games

Dario Bauso*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


Within the realm of smart buildings and smart cities, dynamic response management is playing an ever-increasing role, thus attracting the attention of scientists from different disciplines. Dynamic demand response management involves a set of operations aiming at decentralizing the control of loads in large and complex power networks. Each single appliance is fully responsive and readjusts its energy demand to the overall network load. A main issue is related to mains frequency oscillations resulting from an unbalance between supply and demand. In a nutshell, this paper contributes to the topic by equipping each consumer with strategic insight. In particular, we highlight three main contributions and a few other minor contributions. First, we design a mean-field game for a population of thermostatically controlled loads, study the mean-field equilibrium for the deterministic mean-field game, and investigate on asymptotic stability for the microscopic dynamics. Second, we extend the analysis and design to uncertain models, which involve both stochastic or deterministic disturbances. This leads to robust mean-field equilibrium strategies guaranteeing stochastic and worst-case stability, respectively. Minor contributions involve the use of stochastic control strategies rather than deterministic and some numerical studies illustrating the efficacy of the proposed strategies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6310-6323
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Transactions on Automatic Control
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec-2017
Externally publishedYes


  • Mean-field games
  • power networks
  • stochastic stability

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