A remarkable and yet unexplained phenomenon in cancer cells is the presence of multiple centrosomes, organelles required for normal cell division. Previously, it was demonstrated that the tumor suppressor BRCA1 is a component of centrosomes. This observation led to the hypothesis that defective BRCA1 results in malfunctioning centrosomes and faulty centrosomes are a possible cause of cancer. Using EGFP-tagged fusion proteins and BRCA1-/- cells we show that although some BRCA1 antibodies do label centrosomes under certain. xation conditions, BRCA1 is not a centrosomal protein. Therefore, it is unlikely that a mutation in BRCA1 directly alters centrosome structure and function. BRCA1 plays an established role in DNA damage repair and in G(2)/M checkpoint regulation. We present evidence that multiple centrosomes can arise in any cell when G(2)/M checkpoint fails and entrance into mitosis occurs in the presence of DNA damage.