Ecophysiological adaptations of two Mediterranean red algae in relation to distribution

S Orfanidis*, L.A.H. Venekamp, Arno Breeman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Effects of irradiance and temperature on the Mediterranean red algae Eupogodon spinellus and Eupogodon planus were tested. Growth of both species was saturated at an irradiance of 10-20 mu mol m(-2) s(-1), which is in accordance with their sublittoral habitat. Eupogodon spinellus and E. planus survived permanently at temperatures between 8 and 30 degrees C. The temperature optimum for growth was 25 degrees C with suboptimal growth occurring at (10-)15 and 30 degrees C in both species. At their collection locality (Corsica), potential monthly growth yields would be highest in summer and in winter would be only about 20% of the maximum. Reproductive requirements could be determined only in E. planus. Gametophytes reproduced both in long and in short days but only at 20 degrees C. Tetrasporophytes reproduced at 15-20 degrees C but only in short days. Geographic distribution boundaries are not set by growth or survival limits. However, the reproductive requirements of E, planus did account for its restricted distribution in the Mediterranean and on the Canary Islands.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)469 - 476
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Phycology
Volume34
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Nov-1999

Keywords

  • geographic distribution
  • growth
  • irradiance
  • Mediterranean
  • photoperiod
  • red algae
  • reproduction
  • survival
  • temperature
  • NORTH-ATLANTIC OCEAN
  • TEMPERATURE RESPONSES
  • CLADOPHORA CLADOPHORALES
  • ECOTYPIC DIFFERENTIATION
  • DISTRIBUTION BOUNDARIES
  • REPRODUCTIVE PHENOLOGY
  • DELESSERIA-SANGUINEA
  • PHYCODRYS-RUBENS
  • THERMAL ECOTYPES
  • RHODOPHYTA

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