Effect of Aerobic Exercise on Arterial Stiffness in Individuals with Different Smoking Statuses

Xianxuan Wang, Guanzhi Chen, Zegui Huang, Yiran Zang, Zefeng Cai, Xiong Ding, Zekai Chen, Yulong Lan, Weijian Li, Wei Fang, Weiqiang Wu, Zhichao Chen, Shouling Wu, Youren Chen*

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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    This study aimed to investigate the immediate effects of acute bout of aerobic exercise on arterial stiffness in individuals with different smoking statuses. A total of 940 male individuals (mean age of 36.82±7.76 years) in the Kailuan study cohort were selected to participate in the fifth National Physical Fitness Monitoring. All participants completed measurements of brachial - ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) before and after twice-quantitative cycle ergometer exercise. Four groups were defined: (1) non-smokers (n=231), (2) former smokers (n=165), (3) light smokers (1-10 cigarettes/day, n=254), (4) heavy smokers (>10 cigarettes/day, n=290). Generalized linear models were established to analyze between-group differences in the change in baPWV before and after acute aerobic exercise in individuals with different smoking statuses. Overall, after acute aerobic exercise, baPWV was immediately decreased significantly (-33.55 cm/s [95% CI, - 39.69 to -27.42]). Compared with non-smokers, former smokers, light smokers, and heavy smokers showed a greater decrease in baPWV (-12.17 cm/s [95%CI, - 30.08 to 5.75], - 18.43 cm/s [95%CI, -34.69 to - 2.16], and -22.46 cm/s [95%CI, - 38.39 to - 6.54]) respectively. There is a transient decrease in baPWV in individuals with different smoking statuses. Compared with non-smokers, baPWV decreased more significantly in light and heavy smokers.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)48-55
    Number of pages8
    JournalInternational Journal of Sports Medicine
    Issue number1
    Early online date4-Nov-2022
    Publication statusPublished - 2023


    • aerobic exercise
    • arterial stiffness
    • pulse wave velocity
    • smoking

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