Effect of human liver source on the functionality of isolated hepatocytes and liver slices

Peter Olinga, I.H Hof, Kurt de Jong, M.JH Slooff, D.K F Meijer, Geny Groothuis, M.T. Merema

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Abstract

In vitro experiments using human liver tissue to study drug metabolism and transport are usually performed and interpreted without real consideration of the differences in procurement of the tissue, if it is obtained from different sources. Therefore, in this study the functionality of isolated hepatocytes and liver slices prepared either from healthy human liver tissue obtained from patients undergoing partial hepatectomy [livers from partial hepatectomy (PH-livers)] or from donor tissue remaining after reduced-size or split-liver transplantation [livers from transplantation (Tx-livers)] was compared. From each liver sample, both liver slices and hepatocytes were prepared and compared with respect to viability and drug disposition. The viability of hepatocytes was assessed by trypan blue exclusion, ATP content, and energy charge and that of liver slices by potassium retention. In both preparations phase I metabolism was studied using lidocaine and testosterone as substrates, whereas phase I and II metabolism was assessed with 7-ethoxycoumarin. The membrane transport capability of the hepatocytes was investigated by measuring the uptake of taurocholic acid. The hepatocytes from PH-livers and Tx-livers showed similar viabilities and functional capacities. Metabolism in cells and slices from Tx-livers was found to be quantitatively comparable. However, liver slices from PH-livers showed a significantly lower metabolic capacity, compared with cells from the same tissue. This may indicate that only some of the hepatocytes in the liver slices from PH-livers participate in the metabolism of the compounds studied and that a selection of healthy cells takes place during isolation of the hepatocytes. Our results imply that hepatocytes isolated from Tx-livers and PH-livers can be used in the same study without consideration of the procurement of the tissue. However, the procurement of the tissue may significantly influence the functions of liver slices; the liver slices prepared from PH-livers showed significantly lower metabolic function, compared with slices prepared from Tx-livers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5 - 11
Number of pages7
JournalDrug Metabolism and Disposition
Volume26
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan-1998

Keywords

  • DYNAMIC ORGAN-CULTURE
  • CUT TISSUE-SLICES
  • RAT HEPATOCYTES
  • DRUG-METABOLISM
  • TRANSPLANTATION
  • TOXICOLOGY
  • VIABILITY
  • KINETICS

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