Effect of investigator disturbance on nest attendance and egg predation in Eurasian oystercatchers

N. Verboven*, Bruno J. Ens, S. Dechesne

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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    Abstract

    Eurasian Oystercatchers (Haematopus ostralegus) breeding on the salt marsh of Schiermonnikoog (Dutch Wadden Sea) lose many eggs to predators, mainly Herring (Larus argentatus) and Mew gulls (L. canus). We estimated that the probability for an egg to survive from laying until hatching was 69%. Daily egg mortality was higher during the laying period than during the incubation period. When researchers were present in the study area, oystercatchers spent more time at greater distances from the nest. We investigated whether human disturbance resulted in more eggs being lost to predators. Two experimental areas were in turn visited at high and at low frequency. From a preliminary analysis, we estimated higher daily egg mortality rates when nests were checked three times per day instead of once every other day. However, high-frequency nest checks provided more information on newly laid and lost eggs, especially during the laying period. After correcting for that extra information (by simply deleting it), the egg mortality rates were no longer different. We conclude that human disturbance did not increase egg loss, rather egg mortality rates were underestimated when nests were checked only once per two days.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)503-508
    Number of pages6
    JournalThe Auk
    Volume118
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Apr-2001

    Keywords

    • HAEMATOPUS-OSTRALEGUS
    • BREEDING ECOLOGY
    • CROW PREDATION
    • SUCCESS
    • DEPREDATION
    • VISITATION
    • OBSERVERS
    • SURVIVAL
    • COASTAL
    • INLAND

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