Effect of Quench Polish Quench Nitriding Temperature on the Microstructure and Wear Resistance of SAF2906 Duplex Stainless Steel

Hongliang Xiang*, Gaoxiang Wu, Dong Liu, Huatang Cao, Xuanpu Dong

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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The effect of quench polish quench (QPQ) nitriding temperature on the microstructure and wear resistance of SAF2906 duplex stainless steel was investigated. Results showed the surface of the nitrided samples was composed of an oxidized layer, a loose compound layer, a compact compound layer, and a diffusion layer. The oxidized layer was composed of Fe3O4. The main phases of the loose compound layer were CrN, alpha(N), Fe2-3N, and Fe3O4. The compact compound layer was composed of CrN, alpha(N), and Fe2-3N. In the diffusion layer, CrN and expanded austenite (S) were the main phases. The nitrided layer thickness increased from 20 to 41 mu m with an increasing temperature of 570 to 610 degrees C. When the nitriding temperature was above 590 degrees C, the precipitates in the diffusion layer became coarsened, and their morphologies gradually changed from spherical particulate to rod-like and flocculent-like. Tribotests showed the cumulative mass loss of QPQ-treated samples was much lower than that of the substrate. The cumulative mass loss of the samples nitrided at 610 degrees C was higher than that at 570 degrees C during the first 29 h. When the test time was over 29 h, the former was lower than the latter.

Original languageEnglish
Article number848
Number of pages10
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Aug-2019


  • SAF2906 duplex stainless steel
  • nitriding temperature
  • microstructure
  • wear resistance

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