INtraoperative Video Enhanced Surgical procedure Training (INVEST) is a new training method designed to improve the transition from basic skills training in a skills lab to procedural training in the operating theater. Traditionally, the master-apprentice model (MAM) is used for procedural training in the operating theater, but this model lacks uniformity and efficiency at the beginning of the learning curve. This study was designed to investigate the effectiveness and efficiency of INVEST compared to MAM.
Ten surgical residents with no laparoscopic experience were recruited for a laparoscopic cholecystectomy training curriculum either by the MAM or with INVEST. After a uniform course in basic laparoscopic skills, each trainee performed six cholecystectomies that were digitally recorded. For 14 steps of the procedure, an observer who was blinded for the type of training determined whether the step was performed entirely by the trainee (2 points), partially by the trainee (1 point), or by the supervisor (0 points). Time measurements revealed the total procedure time and the amount of effective procedure time during which the trainee acted as the operating surgeon. Results were compared between both groups.
Trainees in the INVEST group were awarded statistically significant more points (115.8 vs. 70.2; p <0.001) and performed more steps without the interference of the supervisor (46.6 vs. 18.8; p <0.001). Total procedure time was not lengthened by INVEST, and the part performed by trainees was significantly larger (69.9 vs. 54.1 %; p = 0.004).
INVEST enhances effectiveness and training efficiency for procedural training inside the operating theater without compromising operating theater time efficiency.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Surgical endoscopy and other interventional techniques|
|Publication status||Published - Aug-2013|
- Minimally invasive surgery
- LAPAROSCOPIC SURGERY