Effectiveness of explicit vs. implicit L2 instruction: A longitudinal classroom study on oral and written skills

    Research output: ThesisThesis fully internal (DIV)

    2031 Downloads (Pure)


    Parlez-vous français? Or how the Dutch teenagers can really learn to speak and write in French.
    This research is about the effectiveness of a special method for French as a second language in high school. After years of frustration and compaints, many
    French teachers started implementing the AIM methodfrom Canada in the three first years of high school. With AIM, French is spoken close to 100% of the time
    by means of stories, plays, songs and gestures. But above all, AIM has a very clever way to teach French without grammar or word lists. Even more remarkable, the teacher speaks only French and makes everything clear with gestures! By placing so much attention on speaking skills
    students are motivated to use the language. And it works! This study has followed 229 students for three
    school year. Five different schools from different parts of the Netherlands have participated. The results of this study show that this
    method is more effective than the methods mostly used in the Netherlands. AIM provides better speaking and writing skills!
    Original languageEnglish
    QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
    Awarding Institution
    • University of Groningen
    • Verspoor, Marjolijn, Supervisor
    • Steinkrauss, Rasmus, Co-supervisor
    • de Jonge, Robert, Co-supervisor
    Award date7-Mar-2019
    Place of Publication[Groningen]
    Print ISBNs978-94-034-1449-2
    Electronic ISBNs978-94-034-1448-5
    Publication statusPublished - 2019

    Cite this