Effects of 7-week Resistance Training on Handcycle Performance in Able-bodied Males

Ulric Sena Abonie, Tryntje Albada, Floor Morrien, Lucas van der Woude, Florentina Hettinga*

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

The effect of an upper body resistance training program on maximal and submaximal handcycling performance in able-bodied males was explored. Eighteen able-bodied men were randomly assigned to a training group (TG: n=10) and a control group (CG: n=8). TG received 7 weeks of upper body resistance training (60% of 1 repetition maximum (1RM), 3×10 repetitions, 6 exercise stations, 2 times per week). CG received no training. Peak values for oxygen uptake (V˙O2peak), power output (POpeak), heart rate (HRpeak), minute ventilation (V˙OEpeak) and respiratory exchange ratio (RERpeak), submaximal values (HR, V˙O2, RER, PO, and gross mechanical efficiency (GE)), and time to exhaustion (TTE) were determined in an incremental test pre- and post-training. Maximal isokinetic arm strength and 1RM tests were conducted. Ratings of perceived exertion (RPE) were assessed. A two-way repeated measures ANOVA and post-hoc comparisons were performed to examine the effect of time, group and its interaction (p<0.05). TG improved on POpeak (8.55%), TTE (10.73%), and 1RM (12.28-38.98%). RPE at the same stage during pre- and post-test was lower during the post-test (8.17%). Despite no improvements in V˙O2peak, training improved POpeak, muscular strength, and TTE. Upper body resistance training has the potential to improve handcycling performance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)46-54
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Sports Medicine
Volume43
Issue number1
Early online date11-Aug-2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1-Jan-2022

Keywords

  • rehabilitation
  • handbiking
  • wheelchair user
  • physical capacity evaluation
  • upper body training
  • SPINAL-CORD-INJURY
  • PHYSICAL WORK CAPACITY
  • WHEELCHAIR PROPULSION
  • STRENGTH
  • EXERCISE
  • REHABILITATION
  • INTENSITY
  • BENEFITS
  • FITNESS
  • SPORTS

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