Effortful control as modifier of the association between negative emotionality and adolescents' mental health problems

Albertine J. Oldehinkel*, Catharina A. Hartman, Robert F. Ferdinand, Frank C. Verhulst, Johan Ormel

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

118 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study examined the extent to which effortful control moderated the risk of internalizing or externalizing problems associated with high negative emotionality in a Dutch population sample of pre- and early adolescents (N = 1,922). Internalizing and externalizing problems were assessed with the Child Behavior Checklist, Youth Self-Report, and Teacher Checklist of Psychopathology. Temperament (effortful control, fearfulness, frustration) was assessed with the parent version of the Revised Early Adolescent Temperament Questionnaire. The effects of fearfulness and frustration appeared to be attenuated by high levels of effortful control. The associations differed between the two domains of mental health investigated: effortful control reduced the effect of fearfulness on internalizing problems and the effect of frustration on externalizing problems. The effects were stronger for externalizing problems and similar for preadolescent (age 11) and adolescent (age 13/14) outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)523-539
Number of pages17
JournalDevelopment and Psychopathology
Volume19
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007

Keywords

  • EXTERNALIZING PROBLEMS
  • PROBLEM BEHAVIOR
  • CHILD PSYCHOPATHOLOGY
  • DEPRESSIVE-DISORDERS
  • ANXIOUS CHILDREN
  • YOUNG ADULTHOOD
  • SELF-REGULATION
  • TEMPERAMENT
  • IMPULSIVITY
  • ATTENTION

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