Electromagnetic Window into the Dawn of Black Holes

Zoltan Haiman, William N. Brandt, Alexey Vikhlinin, Jillian Bellovary, Elena Gallo, Jenny Greene, Kohei Inayoshi, Joseph Lazio, Bret Lehmer, Bin Luo, Piero Madau, Priya Natarajan, Feryal Ozel, Fabio Pacucci, Alberto Sesana, Daniel Stern, Cristian Vignali, Eli Visbal, Fabio Vito, Marta VolonteriJoan Wrobel

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The origin of massive black holes in the early universe is one of the major puzzles in astrophysics. Future X-ray surveys can detect BHs with mass M < 105 M at z > 10, and OIR observations can characterize their immediate environment. These observations will open a window into the "Dawn of Black Holes" and distinguish models of their origin.

Original languageEnglish
Article number id. 557 (2019)
JournalBulletin of the American Astronomical Society
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1-May-2019


  • Astrophysics - High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena
  • Astrophysics - Astrophysics of Galaxies

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