Embrace, integrated primary care for older adults

R J Uittenbroek, H P H Kremer, S L W Spoorenberg, S A Reijneveld, K Wynia

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OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of Embrace (Dutch: SamenOud), a new primary care model for community-living people aged over 75 years on perceived quality of care.

DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial in 15 general practices in the East Groningen region of the Netherlands.

METHOD: In the period January 2012-March 2013, 1456 general practice patients aged 75 years and older were stratified on the basis of self-reporting into 3 risk profiles: 'robust', 'frail' and 'complex care needs', and then randomized to the intervention or the control arm. Intervention consisted of care and support from an elderly-care team consisting of a specialist in Gerontology, a district nurse, and a social worker. Intensity and duration of the care and support were dependent on risk profile. The primary outcome measure was quality of care as reported by participants; the secondary outcome measure was the extent of implementation as reported by the caregivers.

RESULTS: The level of perceived quality of care after 12 months was slightly higher in the intervention arm than in the control arm, but the effect size was quite small. The difference was significant in elderly people with the risk profiles 'frail' and 'complex care needs'; robust elderly people did not experience a significant difference. The caregivers reported increased implementation of integrated care (effect size 0.71, that means average).

CONCLUSION: Embrace slightly improved the perceived quality of care, particularly for elderly people with complex care needs for whom case management was organised. Caregivers judged implementation of integrated care to be greatly improved, though there was still room for further improvement. Further research should be carried out into the effectiveness of integrated primary care for the elderly on health, service-use and healthcare costs.

Translated title of the contributionEmbrace, integrated primary care for older adults
Original languageDutch
Pages (from-to)D1141
JournalNederlands Tijdschrift voor Geneeskunde
Issue number0
Publication statusPublished - 2017


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