The present study investigated whether children and adolescents with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and comorbid oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) or conduct disorder (CD) show a memory bias for negative emotional pictures. Subjects participated in an incidental memory paradigm involving neutral, positive and negative pictures. In ADHD only patients, memory performance was enhanced to the level of healthy control subjects both by positive and negative pictures, whereas in ADHD patients with comorbid ODD/CD, memory performance was only normalized by negative pictures.
- ATTENTION-DEFICIT/HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER
- DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER
- CONDUCT DISORDER
- PEER STATUS