Encapsulation of Lactobacillus casei (ATCC 393) by Pickering-Stabilized Antibubbles as a New Method to Protect Bacteria against Low pH

Vida Mardani Ghahfarokhi, Paolo P. Pescarmona, Gert-Jan W. Euverink, Albert T. Poortinga

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Pickering-stabilized antibubbles were used as a new method to encapsulate Lactobacillus casei. Antibubbles consist of one or more liquid droplets within a shell of gas. The antibubbles were prepared from a water-in-oil-in-water (W/O/W) emulsion stabilized by silica particles, which was then freeze-dried to remove the water and oil phases, before being subsequently reconstituted in water. Different oil phases and aqueous phase compositions were tested for their effect on the survival of the bacteria. The survival of L. casei after encapsulation using decane was 29.8 ± 2.1% in antibubbles containing 10% (w/v) maltodextrin plus 8% (w/v) sucrose, which is comparable to the survival when bacteria were freeze-dried without being encapsulated. Encapsulation within antibubbles led to a 10 to 30 times higher survival of L. casei at pH 2 in comparison with unencapsulated bacteria. This study shows that probiotics can be encapsulated within a shell of gas through the use of antibubbles and that this protects probiotics against a low pH.
Original languageEnglish
Article number40
Number of pages11
JournalColloids and Interfaces
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 10-Sep-2020


  • Antibubble
  • Encapsulation
  • Lactobacillus casei
  • Probiotics

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