Enterovirus D68-The New Polio?

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    Abstract

    Enterovirus D68 (EV-D68) has emerged over the recent years, with large outbreaks worldwide. Increased occurrence has coincided with improved clinical awareness and surveillance of non-polio enteroviruses. Studies showing its neurotropic nature and the change in pathogenicity have established EV-D68 as a probable cause of Acute Flaccid Myelitis (AFM). The EV-D68 storyline shows many similarities with poliovirus a century ago, stimulating discussion whether EV-D68 could be ascertaining itself as the "new polio." Increasing awareness amongst clinicians, incorporating proper diagnostics and integrating EV-D68 into accessible surveillance systems in a way that promotes data sharing, will be essential to reveal the burden of disease. This will be a necessary step in preventing EV-D68 from becoming a threat to public health.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number2677
    Number of pages11
    JournalFrontiers in Microbiology
    Volume9
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 13-Nov-2018

    Keywords

    • Enterovirus D68
    • emerging
    • pathogenicity
    • surveillance
    • outbreak response
    • ACUTE FLACCID MYELITIS
    • CENTRAL-NERVOUS-SYSTEM
    • D68 INFECTION
    • UNITED-STATES
    • NEUROLOGICAL ILLNESS
    • GLOBAL REEMERGENCE
    • DECEMBER 2014
    • CHILDREN
    • OUTBREAK
    • PARALYSIS

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