Environmental and energy performance of the biomass to synthetic natural gas supply chain

Jan Hessels Miedema, Henri Moll, Reinerus Benders

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Abstract

A quarter of the total primary energy demand in the European Union is met by natural gas. Synthetic natural gas produced through biomass gasification can contribute to a more sustainable energy supply system. A chain analysis of the energetic performance of synthetic natural gas where the upstream, midstream and downstream part are included has not been found in literature. The energy performance of the possible large-scale application of synthetic natural gas is therefore unsure. A model was designed to analyse the performance of the biomass to synthetic natural gas chain and to estimate the effect of 1% synthetic natural gas in the energy system. A break-even distance is introduced to determine whether it is energetically feasible to apply pretreatment. Results show that torrefaction and pelleting are energetically unfeasible within the European Union. Emissions can be reduced with almost 70% compared to a fossil reference scenario. Over 1.2 Mha is required to fulfil 0.25% of the total primary energy demand in the European Union.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)262-278
Journal Journal of Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems
Volume4
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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