Enzymatic polymerization of biobased polyesters and polyamides

Yi Jiang

Research output: ThesisThesis fully internal (DIV)

4413 Downloads (Pure)


Nowadays "green" is a hot topic almost everywhere, from retailers to universities to industries; and achieving green has become a universal perspective. However, polymers are commonly considered not to be “green”, being associated with massive energy consumption and severe pollution problems (e.g. the “Plastic Soup”) as a public stereotype. To achieve green polymers, three elements should be entailed: (1) green raw materials, catalysts and solvents; (2) eco-friendly synthesis processes; and (3) sustainable polymers with a low carbon footprint, for example, (bio)degradable polymers or polymers which can be recycled or have a low environmental impact upon disposal.
By utilizing biobased monomers in enzymatic polymerizations, many advantageous green aspects can be fulfilled. For example, biobased monomers and enzyme catalysts are renewable materials which are derived from biomass feedstocks; enzymatic polymerizations are clean and energy saving processes; and no toxic residuals contaminate the final products. Therefore, synthesis of renewable polymers via enzymatic polymerizations of biobased monomers provides an opportunity for achieving green polymers and a future sustainable polymer industry, which will eventually play an essential role for realizing and maintaining a green and sustainable society.
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
Awarding Institution
  • University of Groningen
  • Loos, Katja, Supervisor
Award date4-Mar-2016
Place of Publication[Groningen]
Print ISBNs978-90-367-8603-4
Electronic ISBNs978-90-367-8604-1
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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