Enzyme-enhanced CO2 absorption

N. J. M. C. Penders-van Elk*, G. F. Versteeg

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Carbonic anhydrase (CA) is an enzyme that enhances the hydrolysis of CO2 in the natural environment and originates among other life forms than human beings. By means of breeding modifications, the enzyme is made applicable for chemical absorbents and conditions that are used in post-combustion CO2 capture from flue gases. By using CA it is possible to use compounds like tertiary amines, which have a low heat of regeneration but a low reaction rate. The latter makes it difficult to apply these tertiary amines directly as it leads to unrealistically large absorption columns. However, the use of CA increases the CO2 absorption into aqueous tertiary alkanolamine solutions by enhancing the CO2 hydration reaction by such an extent that feasible column dimensions can be obtained. The mechanism and kinetics of the CA catalyst in various absorbents used or proposed for use in post-combustion carbon capture have been investigated. Experiments showed that the CO2 hydration reaction is first order in both CO2 and water. Its rate constant, k*H2O, is a function of the enzyme concentration and can be described with a Langmuir-Hinshelwood-like equation. The newly introduced kinetic constants on their turn are dependent on temperature and pKa value of the chemical absorbent. Moreover, it has been demonstrated that the chemical and physical properties of the absorption liquids are not affected by the addition of CA. To investigate the potential and applicability of the enzyme-catalyzed absorbents, process simulations have been carried out for a complete post-combustion case in which the enzyme kinetics were implemented. From these simulations it was demonstrated that a system consisting of 30wt% MDEA aqueous solution with 1kg/m3CA can be compared to the reboiler duty of a 30wt% MEA system at identical absorber heights.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAbsorption-Based Post-Combustion Capture of Carbon Dioxide
PublisherHANLEY & BELFUS-ELSEVIER INC
Pages225-258
Number of pages34
ISBN (Electronic)9780081005156
ISBN (Print)9780081005149
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22-Jun-2016

Keywords

  • Alkanolamines
  • Carbonic anhydrase
  • CO capture
  • Kinetics
  • Simulation

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